The Dashboard maps design space and then lets you choose a path. Specifically you can use it to classify, revise and generate designs.It's not completely clear what they are getting at until you try the tutorial, so we encourage you to do so. Is it really a tool as pictured above? Yes and no. It's really a conceptual model that you can "run" on paper as well as the 3D printed model above (you can get the 3D model suitable for printing here.)
The inventors of this tool, the Institute Without Boundaries, built the tool to use as a framework to assist the development of sustainable communities in Costa Rica. However, it has proven a suitable tool for analyzing many design situations.